Almost a year ago, on Jan. 13, 2012, the Costa Concordia cruise ship run aground in the dark of night in waters off the Tuscan island of Giglio, Italy. On board were more than 4,200 passengers and crew.
Within less than an hour of striking submerged rocks, the 951-foot, 114,500-ton ship began to list, or turn fast to one side, sending panicked passengers scrambling to try to get off the vessel.
Not everyone made it to shore safely.
The Concordia has ties to a Miami-based cruise operator, and a Pompano Beach salvage firm is now helping to refloat it.
Here's a look at how the tragedy unfolded.
What happened? The Concordia departed the port of Civitavecchia, near Rome, Italy, around 7 p.m. local time on a routine seven-day voyage, heading to Savona, Italy. Ship passengers were mostly European, but a handful of Americans were aboard. About three hours later, the vessel struck rocks off Giglio, which created a huge gash in its side. The Concordia began listing severely.
What may have gone wrong after the collision? Some Concordia passenger accounts indicate the signal to deploy the lifeboats and abandon ship wasn't given until almost an hour after the ship started listing — about 11 p.m. In the moments after the collision, passengers reported crew confusion and delays in communicating the severity of the accident and how to evacuate.
More than 600 of the roughly 3,200 passengers aboard had not yet gone through an emergency response drill when the ship collided with the rocky terrain.
Was anyone killed or hurt? Several passengers suffered injuries, and 30 bodies were later recovered from the wreck. Two people remain missing and are presumed dead, bringing the death count to 32.
Who owns the ship? Miami-based Carnival Corporation & PLC is the parent company of Costa Crociere (Cruises), operator of the cruise ship. The Concordia was built in 2006 by Italian shipbuilder Fincantieri at a cost of $570 million. Since the incident, it has been deemed a total loss and will likely be scrapped after it's removed and towed to an Italian port.
Whose fault was it? Initial investigations blamed captain error for the tragedy. Concordia's captain, Francesco Schettino, allegedly deviated from the programmed course to pass closer to Giglio to show the ship off to residents, according to Costa officials. Last month, Italian prosecutors concluded their investigation into the capsizing, and a decision is pending on whether Schettino and others blamed for the accident will be charged officially with manslaughter.
What's happening now? Crew members from Pompano's Titan Salvage and its Italian partner Micoperi are working to upright and refloat the ship in one piece, which is now expected to be completed by summer, Italian news agency ANSA reported in December. In August, the project's completion date was pushed back from January to March or April.
Has anything changed as a result? The Cruise Lines International Association and partner global cruise organizations enacted 10 new rules in 2012 as part of a review of industry operational safety standards, which member lines have adopted. The first, in February, required cruise lines to conduct emergency muster drills for embarking passengers before ships leave port, tightening the previous requirement of within 24 hours of departure. CLIA members include Costa Cruises, Carnival Cruise Lines, Royal Caribbean International and Norwegian Cruise Line.
Are any memorials planned? Giglio island officials, with Costa's support, will host several activities on Jan. 13 to commemorate the victims, including church services and a plaque presentation ceremony.
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